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Wismar Bay, Baltic Sea

Main Contributors:

Johanna Yletyinen

Other Contributors:


The Bay of Wismar is located in the southwestern Baltic Sea. Episodic hypoxia has caused stress for fish and mortality in benthic fauna, but the area has been recolonized annually. It has been estimated that the Wismar Bay hypoxia, which is linked to eutrophication, began in the 1980s.

Type of regime shift

Ecosystem type

  • Marine & coastal

Land uses

  • Fisheries

Spatial scale of the case study

  • Local/landscape (e.g. lake, catchment, community)

Continent or Ocean

  • Europe


  • The Baltic Sea


  • Denmark
  • Germany

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Key References

  1. Prena J. 1995. Effects of eutrophication on macrobenthos zonation in Wismar Bay (Western Baltic Sea). Archiv für Hydrobiologie 133, 245-257.


Johanna Yletyinen. Wismar Bay, Baltic Sea. In: Regime Shifts Database, Last revised 2011-12-19 16:45:02 GMT.
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