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Barrow estuary, Ireland

Main Contributors:

Johanna Yletyinen

Other Contributors:


Hypoxia recorded in the 1990s. Hypoxia increased in 1995-1999.

Type of regime shift

Ecosystem type

  • Marine & coastal
  • Freshwater lakes & rivers

Land uses

  • Fisheries

Spatial scale of the case study

  • Local/landscape (e.g. lake, catchment, community)

Continent or Ocean

  • Europe


  • West Europe


  • United Kingdom

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Key References

  1. Diaz R, Rosenberg R. 2008. Spreading dead zones and consequences for marine ecosystems. Science 321, 926-929.
  2. OSPAR Commission. 2003. OSPAR Integrated Report 2003 on the Eutrophication Status of the OSPAR Maritime Area Based Upon the First Application of the Comprehensive Procedure. Eutrophication Series. Available online Status Report 2003.pdf (Last accessed 29.12.2011)


Johanna Yletyinen. Barrow estuary, Ireland. In: Regime Shifts Database, Last revised 2012-03-17 18:44:35 GMT.
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