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Sea of Azov

Main Contributors:

Johanna Yletyinen

Other Contributors:


Hypoxia in the Sea of Azov has caused benthic mortality. Significant anoxia occurred in 1937, 1946, 1987 and 2001.

Type of regime shift

Ecosystem type

  • Marine & coastal
  • Freshwater lakes & rivers

Land uses

  • Fisheries

Spatial scale of the case study

  • Sub-continental/regional (e.g. southern Africa, Amazon basin)

Continent or Ocean

  • Asia


  • Europe - Asia


  • Russia
  • Ukraine

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Key References

  1. Debolskaya EI, Yakushev EV, Sukhinov AI. 2005. Formation of fish kills and anaerobic conditions in the Sea of Azov. Water Resources 32, 151-162.


Johanna Yletyinen. Sea of Azov. In: Regime Shifts Database, Last revised 2012-03-17 18:59:44 GMT.
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